Dr. Jerry Hankins Light in Photography – Dr Jerry Hankins

Daylight Photography

Daylight Photography

Light is everything you see. Light is everything that is seen in a photograph. It is important to understand the direction of light, its degree of diffusion and other factors that go into making the perfect photograph.

Reading other’s photography can be very helpful. It is enjoyable and it can help you make smarter,  more deliberate decisions in your own photography. It’s quite simple and once you figure out the basics you can guess the setups and settings use by that photographer, analyze your own images, and continue to improve.

As in all things, one must understand the basics and master them. Any basic mistake made can make or break how a photograph, or a photographer’s professionalism is perceived. As a rule, direct light creates dark shadows that have hard edges. If there is a smaller source of light far away from your subject the harder those edges will be. Diffused light acts differently and may come from different directions and shadows may not exist at all. As an example, think of the difference between a sunny day where you have a well defined shadow and a cloudy day where light is essentially coming from all directions in the sky. Direct vs. diffused.

From a practical standpoint use diffused light to soften shadows if, for example, you have a subject with an uneven surface that you do’t want to emphasize. If you are taking photos of people (or yourself) and you want it to look flattering take photos in diffused light situations. and dramatic photographs are best done with direct light. You can often see photographs of direct sunlight from a window or crack in a wall being used to create an intense feeling to its viewers.

Backlighting is often used to create very romantic images, emphasizing your subject. This can be difficult to use on a smartphone, for example, but if you find a good angle or shadowed area use it, the results may be to your liking.

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Dr. Jerry Hankins

Dr. Jerry Hankins Jewish Owed Art Reparations

A Painting named Stole.

A Painting named Stole.

In 1953, the Washington Principles, or Weidergutmachung were enacted by the German government which agreed to pay reparations to the Jewish survivors of the Holocaust. In 1998, 44 countries agreed to the Washington Principles. Over the course of many years the reparations have added up to over 50 billion dollars. This, along with the recent Terezin declaration, were made to promote restitution to the victims of the holocaust.

In a recently released report, the Italian government has recently been identified by The Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany and the World Jewish Restitution Organization as one of the countries not doing any research to find art and other cultural remnants that were stolen from Jews during the second world war. This is the same government that made international pleas to repatriate its art after World War II. Russia, Poland, Argentina, Spain, and Hungary were also reported to not have put forth enough effort to research the history of many works of art in their countries. However, Italy was especially negligent, even refusing to post information tracking items’ ownership during and before the war.

There remains much art that was either bought in unfair circumstances or outright stolen from Jews during World War II that is either missing or has not been returned. Of the 44 countries that agreed to find and return stolen works of art only a third have done sufficient work towards that end, per the report.

Germany is also an interesting case as they were mentioned in the report released yesterday to have done sufficient work, but just a year ago a man named Cornelius Gurlitt, 80, was hiding hundreds of works stolen or bought under pressure. In total, the art was valued at $1.4 billion, and included works by Matisse and Picasso. Reportedly, the German authorities had known about the pieces two years prior. In fact, the investigation had started in 2010 when Gurlitt was caught with over $12,000 dollars in crisp notes.

As far the United States, they are reported as being somewhere in between good and bad. There was one case that the report mentioned where the United States actually seized a famous 16th century painting while it was in the US on loan. Italy had claimed it was not aware of any evidence that it was ill-gotten.

 

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Dr. Jerry Hankins

Dr. Jerry Hankins Moma (Museum of Modern Art) – Dr Jerry Hankins

Starry Night Van Gogh

In 1929 three “daring ladies”, as they were affectionately known, decided to rent a space in New York to display some pieces of modern art. Among them was Abby Rockefeller. Just nine days before opening the Wall St crash of 1929, which resulted in the Great Depression, occurred. It immediately became the premier modern art museum, taking mostly from European modernist artists.

On its opening, the museum included eight prints and a drawing, and a loan of art which included works by Van Gogh. The Moma building itself is a piece of art. When it first opened it moved around to a few different apartments in Manhattan. it wasn’t until 10 years later when its popularity, coupled with generous donations from the Rockefellers, allowed the museum to move into its permanent location on 53rd st. The building was designed by Philip L Goodwin and Edward Durell Stone in the international style which emphasizes volume as opposed to mass, balance as opposed to symmetry, and the expulsion of applied ornament.

Beginning in 1983 the museum started to expand, doubling its gallery in that year alone. And in 1997 the museum began its redesign at the hands of Yoshio Taniguchi who beat out many other international architects including Herzog & de Meuron who designed the 2008 Beijing National Stadium for the 2008 Olympics. The museum did not reopen its doors until 2004  and included a beautiful sculpture garden, which is now free to the public. Earlier this year, it was announced that the museum would expand even further into what used to be the American Folk Art Museum which they bought for $31.2 million in 2011. It’s expected to add that 15,500 square feet by 2019.

The collection at Moma includes a variety of work, including drawings, paintings, sculpture, and photography. Art that you have seen for so many years on TV and movies seems to be all centrally located on 53rd. St, Manhattan, New York.  It’s impressive collection includes original works by Picasso, Van Gogh (including Starry Night), Warhol, Monet, and many others.

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Dr. Jerry Hankins

Dr. Jerry Hankins Showing Your True Colors – Dr Jerry Hankins

colorful_feathers

Facebook, Linkedin, and Twitter, the three largest social networks and three of the fastest growing companies in the world. One thing that each of these companies has perfected is marketing and testing what works, and what evokes the right emotions in their users.

They are all blue. This is not by mistake.

The color blue can create feelings of calmness and serenity. It is gender neutral and conveys trustworthiness, so you can imagine why companies asking for people’s personal information would use blue.

Another popular color used for both marketing and modern design is white. White has the effect of creating a sense of space. White becomes a part of the interior designers arsenal as it simultaneously creates a sense of space and of purity. We also tend to associate the color white with cleanliness and sterility, which is why you see it used in hospitals.

Red is the boldest color in the spectrum, evoking strong emotions of intense excitement. But used in certain ways can convey love. Think roses.

Whether these associations we make are an effect of nurture or nature has yet to be determined, but it is important to know that it affecting you either way. If you are the owner of a business, you may want to paint the walls blue to keep your workers focused. If you’ve moved to a new apartment you may want to strongly consider tones of yellow as it creates a warm atmosphere for yourself and guests.

The most important thing to remember when choosing colors for every occasion is to choose what works best for you. Everyone reacts differently to every color, some even having adverse reactions.

 

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Dr. Jerry Hankins The Importance of Art – Dr. Jerry Hankins’ Blog

 

Dr. Jerry Hankins - Blog - Importance of Art

Art is a form of expression that requires many people to think in ways that are different from the tasks they perform during daily routines.  Art is both and outlet and a medium that incites thoughts, conversations, and actions within societies and between people.  It is important to remember how essential art has been in the formation of the present time and will continue to be an influence in shaping the future.

Art makes people think critically and in new, imaginative ways.  When viewing a piece of art, a person asks what message the artist was trying to convey when creating the piece and how that meaning was executed.  Even if a person dislikes a piece of art, he or she is forced to wonder why it was created and for what purpose.

Art makes people discover aesthetic likes and dislikes, but, perhaps more importantly, it also makes people feel emotions that allow them to connect with pieces of art and with the world and people around them.  Art can incite longing, empathy, anger, or desire.  Art helps brings people together because it conveys the message that individuals are not alone in their emotions and experiences.

Art helps individuals share their experiences and feel connected the people and places around them.  Art can even help people recognize that, fundamentally, human beings are not all that dissimilar and this can help audiences uncover a human culture.  There are certain objects, representations, and aesthetics, such as beautiful people and picturesque landscapes, that appeal to almost all people from various cultures.  It is important to pay attention to the things that remain important cross-culturally as these can reveal a deep human connection.  Language is not needed to understand most art.

Above all, art portrays the things that words cannot justify, both in beauty and historic significance.  Art depicts what the world looked like and what the world could look like.  In many ways, art is an optimistic force and a stern reminder of where human beings have been, the experiences they have shared, and all the possibilities the future may hold.

For more information on why art is essential to the human spirit please visit http://ift.tt/1nAVOFi.

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Dr. Jerry Hankins